As there were many emperor ruled in India but the systematization of society in new form is an extraordinary example set by Sher Shah Suri. He also constructs separate lodging for the Hindus and Muslims. Each of the Sarkars was again sub-divided into smaller units called Parganas. Sher Shah constructed 1700 sarais at a distance of every Kros. Sher Shah’s Administration • Sher Shah was a brilliant administrator. Each Sarkar had one Amin, one Shiqdar, one treasurer and one Hindi and one Persian writer to keep accounts. He aimed at introducing a system of Land Revenue where the cultivator was asked to pay primarily in kind one-third of the expected produce of the crop from the land under cultivation. He … Government and administration Sher Shah (شیرشاہ) "The Lion King" ran an efficient, but somewhat tight administration. A number of villages have Pargana. Administration of Sher Shah Suri. Sher Shah was no mere soldier, he was also a great administrator. The currency reforms of Sher Shah also helped in the development of trade. It is worth to mention that Mughal rulers and eventually the British Colonial Administration adopts Sher Shah’s practical approach to state administration. He also built a road that connects Lahore to Sultan which is presently in Pakistan. Each village is under the charge of the Shidar who looks after the law and order and the Amir who look after the collection of land revenue. The Ruler Who Changed India. Akbar continued to issue the Rupya with his own name inscribed. Today, group of educationists & learned people discussing new approaches, theories and implementing new projects/plans for the establishment of welfare administrative system … He regarded administration as part of his duty and attended every business of the state personally, but he also paid proper attention to the sentiments of his co-religionists. In addition, every Sarkar was placed under officers called Skiqdar-i-Shiqdaran and the Munsif-i-Munsifan. Above the Pargana was the Shiq/Sarkar under the change of Shiqdar-i-Shiqdaran and Munsif-i-Munsifan. Administration of Sher Shah Suri: A detailed Summary. Besides, Abbas Khan Sarwani complies with Sher Shah’s historical work – Tarikh-i-Sher shahi (history of Sher Shah) dating 15 CE. He reorganized the empire and revived the historical city of Pataliputra as Patna which had been in decline since the 7th century CE. Sher Shah's administration can be divided into central and provincial administration. In every Pargana there was an Amin and in every district a Qazi to decide the judicial cases. The tax was levied one at the frontier of the Kingdom and the other at the market place. 12. It is registered under 2(f) and 12 B of U.G.C. Diwan-i-Qaza was under chief Qazi chief. The administration of Sher Shah was military in nature but on the same hand he undertook every possible step for the welfare of his subjects. The Qabuliyat ( A deed of Agreement) clearly mention the rights and obligations of the peasantry, besides, the state kept in its records and gave Patta (Title Deed) to the peasants in return. On these coins, he used both Hindus and Persians characters. Match the following : Answer: C. Choose the correct answer: 1. The amount each peasant has to pay for their crop production was recorded in a paper called “Patta”. A rain shadow area where poverty and illiteracy are prominent features of the locality. Sher Shah’s administration became the model followed by the great emperor Akbar when he consolidated the Mughal Empire. Sher Shah Suri device the system of transferring government officers every two or three years to prevent them from acquiring undue influence over one place. (a) Humayun (b) Akbar (c) Babur (d) Aurangzeb 2 See answers Amrishaverma Amrishaverma Answer: The right answer is-c-Babur. He introduced original and wise changes in every branch of administration during his brief reign of 5 years. Sher Shah's administration, both civil and military, has been regarded highly successful. This indicates that Sher Shah’s governmental and administrative policies set the stage for Akbar who also built upon the same measures during his time. It now became easier for the merchants and travellors to travel from one part of the country to the other. In the administration, four ministers help Sher Shah. In order to provide relief to the empire during famines and other natural calamities, an additional tax of two and a half percent was levied. Although the Suri dynasty ruled for only 15 years (1540-1555), it introduced an administration that borrowed elements from Alauddin Khalji and made them more efficient. Constructed four important roads: Grand Trunk Road from Sonargaon to Peshawar; road from Agra to Multan via Burhanpur and Delhi; road from Multan to Lahore; and road from Mandu to Agra. The king held his court once a week and tried both appeals as well as new criminals cases. In his empire the custom duties have to be paid only at two places: Sher Shah did not make many administrative changes in the system prevailing since the Sultanate period. Sher Shah reconstructed the following highways: He was the son of Hasan Khan, a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar. The Sher Shah Suri administration was based on the old institutions in a new spirit, and in this task attained to much success that he almost Those sarkars was under shiqdar-i-shiqdaran (law and order) and munsif-i-muwifan (local revenue and civil justice). He introduced many reforms and innovations in the administration of the country. Division of the sarkars into parganas. Published: October 10, 2015. Question 3. Besides, they divide the lands into good and bad middlings. He introduced a reformed system of currency. Sher Shah went on regular tours of inspection and set up an efficient spy system. He divided his empire into 42 Sarkars each of which was again subdivided into Parganas. Chaudhari, Patwari, and Muqaddam or local headmen were the intermediaries between the people and the government. 6. Some of these are mentioned below:- • 1) He paid to his army (both soldiers and the officers) salaries in cash regularly. It comprises the administration of 28 states including both north and south of India. He repaired many old roads and constructed new ones also. All powers were vested in the king. Sher Shah did not like the Mughal system of government in which large powers were left in the hands of the ministers who were corrupt. Sher Shaj Suri established a sound and strong administrative system. Sher Shah’s Administration. Munsif-i-Nunsifan was a judge and has the power to supervise Amins. He was the first Muslim ruler of India who displayed a real aptitude for civil government. Maintaining soldiers, assisting in the collection of royal dues, presiding over courts dealing with criminals, dealing with criminal cases were the duties of Shiqdar. In the Parganas the civil suits were disposed of by the Amin and other criminal cases were disposed of by the Qazi and the Mir-i-Adal. Sher Shah placed considerable emphasis on justice, as he used to say, “Justice is the most excellent of religious rites, and it is approved alike by the king of infidels and of the faithful“. Local Administration of Sher Shah Suri. He regarded administration as part of his duty and attended every business of the state personally, but he also paid proper attention to the sentiments of his co-religionists. Government and administration. - 17338991 NISHARV4336 NISHARV4336 11.05.2020 History Primary School Which Mughal emperor followed Sher Shah Suri’s idea of administration? Besides, he did not allow any distinction on the basis of religion, caste, or creed. His reorganization of the empire laid the foundations for the later Mughal emperors, notably Akbar, son of Humayun. He divided the whole empire into 47 units called Sarkars. Shiqdar-i-Shiqdaran was responsible for maintaining law and order. A province was divided into a number of districts called parganas. Sher Shah divided his empire into provinces (sarkars). Sher Shah made many roads to encourage trade, to provide comfort and convenience to the travelers, to facilitate the movement of troops from one place to another and to carry on the administration systematically and properly. In fact, his qualities as a ruler were more remarkable than his conquests. Sher Shah based his administration on the principle of a welfare state. Apprehending the fall of Chunar fort, Sher Shah requested Raja Hari Krishna Roy to provide a safe place for his harem in the Rohtas fort. Suri, also know as Sher Khan or the Lion King, was one of the greatest administrators of medieval Indian. Central Administration of Sher Shah. Thus, the state under the Sur Dynasty remained an Afghan institution based on race and tribe. They were-Diwan-i-Qaza and Diwan-i-Barid. However, we do not have much information about the pattern of provincial administration during this period. 2. SHER SHAH'S ADMINISTRATION Great as a con­queror that he was, Sher Shah was greater still as a ruler. He even laid down rules and regulations for every branch of the administration. The central power was in the hands of the ruler and there was a bureaucratic structure to administer the state. The monetary system of Akbar was inspired largely by the innovations of Sher Shah Suri. Sher Shah’s land revenue administration lies in the fact that his system carried the earlier system a step further and helped the evolution of Akbar’s revenue administration. (Sonargaon is now in Bagladesh). Akbar took great advantage of the measures adopted by Sher Shah in the administration of the army, justice, revenue, public services and control of nobility. During his reign, he completes some of the finest works in Hindi such as the Padmavat of Malik Muhammad and Jaisi. This kind of branding is famously called the “Dagh or the branding system”. Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. There were four ministers and they were in charge of daily routine work of administration. Thus during his time Sher Shah succeeded in maintaining a strong and effective army. Revenue Administration : Sher Shah changed the system of assessment of land revenue and also introduced some improvements in the methods of its collection. Sher Shah’s administration was not only autocratic but also enlightened and vigorous. Chief Qazi was the head of the judicial department in the Kingdom. The sole survivor of this is the old fort Purana-Qila and five mosques within it. He planted shade- giving trees and trees of fruits on both sides of the roads. Sher Shah introduced new ideas in the coinage system. Munshife-i-munshifan: supervise the revenue collection. Sher Shah also brought about various reforms in the means of transport and communication. He also introduced a permanent schedule of rates and laid the state share of the different kinds of crops. By continuing to use our website, you agree to our. His was an enlightened despotism. Sher Shah’s land revenue system was so efficient, Akbar later adopts his land revenue and continues throughout the Mughal period. He established four main central departments: Diwan-i-wijarat (Finance Department); Diwan-i-arz (Military Department); Diwan-i-insha (Royal Secretariat); and Diwan-i-Rasalat (Department for religious and foreign affairs). 14. Akbar pursued this policy in a broader perspective. Goods coming from West and Central Asia have to pay customs duty in the Indus. Besides, he was responsible for the duty of charity and endowment. Sher Shah had constructed Sarais on every fourth mile. He surveys the entire land, he also fixes one/fourth to one/thirds of the products as land revenue. Besides, he himself recruited the soldiers and fixed their salaries after personal inspections. He advises his officers to be lenient to the peasants during the land revenue assessments. Administration and Contribution of Sher Shah and Islam Shah. Here, we are giving the summary of the administration of Sher Shah Suri, which can be used as revision capsule by the aspirants of different competitive exams. Sher Shah Sur (1486-1545) Sher Shah Sur’s conquests include Bundelkhand, Malwa, Multan, Punjab, and Sind. Sher Shah Suri ruled for only a few years, but his huge influence on India continues six centuries later, reveals Farhat Nasreen. Among the foremost contribution of Sher Shah was his re-establishment of law and order to other empires. In order to dispense justice, he appoints Qazis in different places. They played an important part in the expansion of Trade and commerce. 16. The road ran from Sonargoan in Bengal to Peshwar in the North-Western Frontier (which is now Pakistan). Shiqdar-i-shiqadaran: maintain law and order. Otherwise, the administration should pay the same penalty as the accused. 15. Every soldier had a descriptive role and recorded. This article is a stub. Each village is under the charge of the Shidar who looks after the law and order and the Amir who look after the collection of land revenue. Administration of India during Delhi Sultanate, google.com, pub-8797934119967996, DIRECT, f08c47fec0942fa0, PROVINCIAL ADMINISTRATION OF SHER SHAH SURI, MINISTERS UNDER ADMINISTRATION OF SHER SHAH SURI, OFFICERS UNDER ADMINISTRATION OF SHER SHAH SURI. The peasants have the option of paying in cash or kind. Sher Shah was the founder of Sur Dynasty. He issued five coins of gold, silver, and copper of uniform standard in place of the devalued coins of mixed metal. Todarmal, who later carried out most reforms under Akbar had gained considerable experience under former master Shershah Suri. 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Sher Shah defeated Humayun at Chausa (1539) and again at Kanauj (1540). His main care was the military organization for the safety of the Kingdom against invasion or internal disorder. 7. Sher Shah Suri fut le troisième padishah (empereur) de l'Inde et le fondateur de l'empire Suri. Sher Shah plays considerable emphasis on justice, he also improves the judiciary system. Answer: Akbar introduced the Mansabdari system. There were four ministers and they were in charge of daily routine work of administration. He divided his empire into 42 Sarkars each of which was again subdivided into Parganas. He created no new ministry and his administrative divisions and sub-divisions were borrowed from the past, and so also the titles of his officer. Sher Suri uses the Sarais for news service or Dak-Chawki to keep himself updated on his empire development. He introduced the system of Dagh or branding horses. He introduced copper coins which were called Dam, Half Dam and quarter Dam as per denomination. Tarikh-i-Sher Shahi (History of Sher Shah): It was in Persian and written by Abbas Khan Sarwani, a waqia-navis under later Mughal Emperor, Akbar around 1580, provides a detailed documentation about Sher Shah’s administration. His original name was Farid. For the first time during the Islamic conquest the relationship between the people and Sher Shah did not follow the advice of the Ulema (religious Heads) though he respected them greatly. Diwan-i-Ariz was responsible for the recruitment organization and discipline of the army. Qazi headed the department named - Diwani-Kaza. It was extended to Multan in west and Sonargaon in West. He divided the Empire into Sarkars (Districts, 47 in number). Sher Shah made it a point to see that, the peasants do not face any hardship. Sources of income were: Land revenue; Taxes on the transportation of raw and finished products; The Royal mint; Confiscation of the unclaimed property; Tributes from the rajas, nawabs jagirdars, etc. He also set up outposts in different parts of the empire with a strong garrison. Peasants had to pay jaribana (survey charge) and muhasilana (tax collection charge). After his accidental death in 1545, his son Islam Shah became his successor. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah Suri. He devoted himself to the affairs of the state and frequently taught the empire to know the condition of his people and. He also divided his army into divisions of 5,000; 10,000 and 20,000 each under a commander. Sher Shah introduced a number of reforms in the land revenue system. Central Administration of Sher Shah. Shershah is known to have made a systematic survey and measurement of the entire … He introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a superstructure of Mughal administration. Sher Shah was no mere soldier, he was also a great administrator. Sher Shah had 1,000 women in his harem in the said fort at Chunar. Goods produced in Bengal or imported from outside need to pay customs duty at the border of Bengal and Bihar. The system of tri-metalism which came to characterize Mughal coinage was introduced by Sher Shah. 13. Besides, the peasants have the option to pay the land revenue either in cash or in kind. Of his four great roads, one connected Sonargaon (near modern Dacca) in Bengal, through Agra, Delhi, and Lahore, with the Indus; others connected Agra and Mandu; Agra, Jodhpur, and Chitor; and Lahore and Multan. His was an enlightened despotism. Administration of Sher Shah Suri. The share of the state was one/third of the produced. CBSE 10th & 12th Board Exam Date Sheet 2021: New Big Announcement By Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal 'Nishank' - Watch Video & Check Updates! Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. Sher Shah exercised civil and military powers in the interest of the people of India. 38. He was the first Muslim ruler of India who displayed a real aptitude for civil government. The land was classified into three categories and the land survey measurement was standardized. During the rule of Sher Shah, peasants had also to pay jaribana (survey charge) and muhasilana (tax collection charge). He was given the title Sher Khan for his bravery under the Afghan Rule of Bihar. Sher Shah Suri was an able administrator. In times of unforeseen calamities, advances were liberally made to the farmers. While the term rūpya had previously been used as a generic term for any silver coin, during his rule the term rūpiya came to be used as the name for a silver coin of a standard weight of 178 grains, which was the precursor of the modern rupee. He pays the soldiers’ salary individually and not through the commander. 5. Sher Shah used to pay personal attention to the employment, training, discipline and payment of the salaries of the soldiers. The sarais were also used as Dak- chowki. Revenue Administration : Sher Shah changed the system of assessment of land revenue and also introduced some improvements in the methods of its collection. He organizes his army to be more efficient. Diwan-i-Inshah was responsible for royal proclamation and discharges. He divided his empire into 42 Sarkars each of which was again subdivided into Parganas. They were: Wazir had general control over ministers and was in charge of both income and expenditure of the country. Sher Shah was a benevolent despot. All major decisions were taken by Sher Shah himself and the ministers and the nobles simply carried them out. Sher Shah first of all constructed roads and inns for the growth of trade and commerce. Sher Shah College, Sasaram (Rohtas) is a constituent unit of Magadh University Bodh Gaya (Bihar). Akbar pursued this policy in a broader perspective. Sher Shah was also a patronized and learned man. He was the son of Hasan Khan, a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar. His attempts to fix standard weights and measures all over the empire greatly improved trade. Sher Shah known as a good administrator because of following reasons: 1. Sher Shah abolished the system of landlords and middlemen in his revenue administration. Only goods brought into the country was charged and duties were levied on the goods that were sold. Todar Mal contributed greatly in the development of the revenue policy of Sher Shah. ; Gifts from the foreign travellers; Salt tax; Jaziya on the Hindus; and One-fifth of the Kham (booty). For administrative convenience Sher Shah divided his whole empire into 47 divisions called sarkars (Sher Shah did not … He dealt very sternly with the zamindars who refused to pay land revenue and disobey the orders of the government. Sher Shah's desire for a centralized administration is also reflected in his attempt to link the various parts of his empire by an efficient system of roads. The Sher Shah Suri administration was based on the old institutions in a new spirit, and in this task attained to much success that he almost transformed the medieval Indian administration and made it serve the interest of the people. With his deep knowledge and practical experience, he made many brilliant additions and improvements to the existent system. Explain the characteristics of the Sher-Shah administration. After taking control of the Mughal Empire in 1540, he set up a new civic and military administration and implemented several reforms in the financial and postal sectors. Each pargana was made up of a number of villages. Humayun, defeated and overthrown, had to flee to Iran. SHER SHAH'S ADMINISTRATION Great as a con­queror that he was, Sher Shah was greater still as a ruler. For administrative convenience Sher Shah divided his whole empire into 47 divisions called sarkars (Sher Shah did not divide his kingdom into provinces), and these were again subdivided into smaller administrative units called parganas. The majority population of this district is SC, ST and OBC. His silver rupee (dam) was also well executed that it remained a standard coin for centuries even after his death. On both sides of these roads, he planted trees and provided wells and sarais for the convenience of travelers. Market and towns are developed near these sarais and gave impetus to trade. Sher Shah was no mere soldier, he was also a great administrator. 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